Magnetos

  
The function of the aviation piston engine ignition system is to provide an electrical spark to ignite the fuel/air mixture in the engine cylinders. The ignition system of the engine is a separate system and is not part of the airplane’s overall electrical system. The magneto type ignition system is used on most reciprocating aircraft engines. Magnetos are engine-driven self-contained units that supply electrical current without using an external source of current. Magnetos are frequently not maintained to requirements specified in L1363 Manual- 4300/6300 Series Magneto Maintenance and Overhaul Manual, probably because they’re so reliable and all engines have a redundant magneto. Magnetos need regular maintenance, and the consequences of neglect can be devastating.
  1. Magnetosome
  2. Magnetospeed

Modern airplane engines are required by to have a dual ignition system – that is, two separate magnetos to supply the electric current to the two spark plugs contained in each cylinder. One magneto system supplies the current to one set of plugs, while the second magneto system supplies the current to the other set of plugs. The airplane’s double ignition system provides better performance because of more efficient combustion and a higher level of safety through redundancy.

Please check the photo as some magnetos will take a the CW5210AS condenser depending on the breaker plate used. $38.00: American Bosch: American Bosch CW5210AS condenser for MJA, MJB and MRF magnetos. Please check the photo as some magnetos will take a the CW5291AS condenser depending on the breaker plate used. $38.00: American Bosch. Vertex Magnetos Since 1923, Taylor Cable Products has produced plug wires, performance wires, Taylor is legendary for battery cables, wiring harnesses, and other quality high-performance ignition and electrical components and accessories. The magneto is a self-contained generator of high voltage that provides ignition to an engine through spark plugs. A magnet—hence magneto —spins in close proximity to a coil of wire. As the magnet spins (or the magnet rotor is turned), it generates a strong magnetic force that is “held back” by a primary coil.

Champion Slick magnetos have applications on nearly all piston engines and are known for the following design features:

  • Smaller and lighter unique design allowing for a dimensionally smaller magneto,
    resulting in easier installation and lighter weight- as much as one pound lighter than competitive magnetos.
  • Radio noise suppression- Slick magnetos feature superior noise suppression, eliminating the need for magneto filters.
  • Easy to maintain- Slick magnetos use up to 50% fewer parts than the competitive aircraft magnetos. In addition, 70% of the parts in any Slick magneto are interchangeable with the comparable parts in other current production Slick magnetos.


Slick magnetos are engineered so that mechanical parts wear at a balanced rate. Consistent and complimentary wear patterns establish the recommended maintenance intervals defined in Champion Aerospace service literature, so used and service-worn parts should never be used to troubleshoot or repair a magneto, nor should original parts be replaced by used service worn parts on magnetos being returned to service.

Further, non-Champion Aerospace manufactured parts may wear at uneven and different rates than original Champion Aerospace manufactured parts, making Champion Aerospace service literature an inappropriate guide to proper maintenance. Parts not manufactured by Champion Aerospace, even if FAA/PMA Approved, may not fit or operate like original Champion Aerospace manufactured parts. FAA testing of PMA parts does not require operation on an engine or flight tests and does not require the test duration to exceed the maintenance intervals called out in Champion Aerospace literature. For these reasons, used service worn parts or parts not manufactured by Champion Aerospace may adversely affect magneto reliability in ways not anticipated by Champion Aerospace and its service literature.

Genuine Champion Aerospace parts are produced and inspected under rigorous procedures to ensure airworthiness and suitability in Slick magnetos. Parts purchased from sources other than Champion Aerospace (even though outwardly identical in appearance) may not have had the required tests and inspections performed, may be different in fabrication techniques and materials, and may be dangerous when installed in a Slick magneto. Salvaged magneto parts, reworked parts obtained from non-Champion Aerospace approved sources, or parts the service history of which is unknown or cannot be authenticated may have been subjected to unacceptable stresses or temperatures or have other hidden damage, not discernible through routine visual or usual nondestructive testing techniques. This may render service work with this part, even though originally manufactured by Champion Aerospace, unsuitable or unsafe for use in a Slick magneto. Champion Aerospace expressly disclaims any responsibility.

Magnetos

Slick magnetos can also be economically serviced at 500-hour intervals. To ensure their reliability, all AD’s are complied with and the following high wear parts are replaced:

  • Brush
  • Capacitor(s)
  • Points
  • Rotor Gear
  • Impulse Spring (as applicable)

For aircraft that operate in demanding environments, use Champion SlickSTART™ technology. Cold Start, Hot Start, Any Start- SlickSTART™. SlickSTART unleashes a firestorm of ignition energy to get your engine started under the worst environmental conditions. SlickSTART is so effective, even sub-optimal fuel mixtures and seriously fouled spark plugs won’t stop the capacitive discharge output from providing the ignition boost your engine needs for reliable starts under demanding conditions. SlickSTART’s sure starting power:

  • Delivers up to 340% more spark energy to your plugs during starting
  • Increase output voltage by more than 30%
  • Overcomes poor engine priming
  • Reduces costly electrical stress to your battery and starter
  • Is approved for use with Slick Magnetos

Plus, it’s inexpensive and easy to install. Just add SlickSTART to your impulse coupled magnetos or replace your antiquated starting vibrator.

Here at Quality Aircraft Accessories, we specialize in aircraft magnetos and aircraft magneto service. We take pride in our wide breadth of knowledge surrounding aircraft parts and thought we'd share some of that expertise to provide a better understanding of just what an aircraft magneto is and how one works.


An aircraft magneto is an engine driven electrical generator that uses permanent magnets and coils to produce high voltage to fire the aircraft spark plugs. Aircraft magnetos are used in piston aircraft engines and known for their simplicity and reliability. Often sold in pairs, or as a dual magneto, this compact device requires no external electrical source to operate.


Here's how an aircraft magneto works. Aircraft piston engines are designed with two independent ignition systems. This is made up of two aircraft spark plugs per cylinder and a left and right aircraft magneto. The left aircraft magneto fires one plug per cylinder, while the right aircraft magneto fires the other. This arrangement produces a smoother and more complete combustion of the fuel mixture, while also providing ignition redundancy in the event one aircraft magneto should fail.


There are various models of aircraft magnetos, so understanding which one your engine requires is important. Two of the most common are the Slick Magneto by Champion Aerospace and the Bendix Magneto by Teledyne. These aircraft magnetos are well known across the industry and come from trusted and reputable manufacturers.

Magnetosome


You can learn more about Slick magnetos by clicking here and Bendix magnetos by clicking here, or browse our selection of Aircraft Magnetos at our online store.


Magnetospeed

Quality Aircraft Accessories also carries the entire line of Champion aircraft magnetos, and we offer 500 hour inspection, new, overhaul, and repair services. Give us a call to help you with your aircraft needs or to find out even more details about an aircraft magneto and which type you require. We have an extensive core aircraft inventory that ensures even the 'hard to find' aircraft magnetos are in stock.

Magnetos

If there's more you'd like to learn about aircraft magnetos and other aircraft parts, visit our Aircraft Magneto and Aircraft Parts resource pages to find the answers you're looking for!


What Are Some Top Recommended Aircraft Magneto Products?


There are many kinds of aircraft magnetos out there, and knowing which brands and models you can trust will keep you one step ahead. The Bendix Magneto by Teledyne is one such aircraft magneto due to its efficiency and reliability. Here are some of our top recommended Bendix magneto products:


These aircraft magnetos have been tried and tested throughout the years, proving to be products worthy of their reputation. Click on any of the above Bendix magneto links to find out more about each, or shop our entire selection of Aircraft Magnetos at our online store.